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Civil Rights ActThe Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a monumental step forward for civil rights legislation. The amendment to the Civil Rights act made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sex, race, religion, color, or national origin; in regards to employment opportunities, school access, and access to public places.

The road to pass H.R. 7152 was not an easy one. It met opposition in the House of Representatives with 9 days of debates, 100 amendment rejections, 70 days of public hearings with 275 witnesses, and 5,792 pages of testimony before it passed.  Its greatest opposition would be met on the Senate floor. Opponents of H.R. 7152 were worried that this bill allowed for the overreach of federal government, and constituents would voice their opposition during election time. The opponents of this bill shutdown the Senate for 57 days making it the longest filibuster in history. With the guidance of Senate minority leader Everett Dirksen the bill was passed after 83 days of debate. Once the Senate has passed H.R. 7152 the House of Representatives wasted no time in approving it.

When President Lyndon B. Johnson Signed the H.R. 7152 (Civil Rights Act of 1964), he was joined by Martin Luther King Jr. and many leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, making it illegal to withhold opportunities for others based on race, religion, national origin, color, and sex.

Civil Rights Act; Title VII

While the nation cheered for the passing of this Civil Rights Act, what did it mean for equal opportunity employment? In Title VII of the Act, it provides more detail about who the law applies to and what is prohibited under this new law. According to Cornell University School of Law, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act,applies to most employers engaged in interstate commerce with more than 15 employees, labor organizations, and employment agencies. The Act prohibits discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Sex includes pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions. It makes it illegal for employers to discriminate in relation to hiring, discharging, compensating, or providing the terms, conditions, and privileges of employment. Employment agencies may not discriminate when hiring or referring applicants”. It also prohibits unions from basing union memberships and classifications on the same premise.

At the Law Offices of Thomas More Holland, we fight for the rights of employees that experienced discrimination at the hands of their employers! Take a stand for yourself and these injustices by contacting us at (215) 592-8080.

 

Related Tags: Civil Rights Act | The Revolution Of The Civil Rights Act